The Difference Between Sheep & Goats Biblically

**All Scripture passages taken from “The Scriptures 2009” unless otherwise noted.

Those who are in the body of Messiah are likened to Sheep. While those who have not been transformed are likened to Goats. Even if a person claims to be in the body of Messiah, if they have not been renewed and reflect that in their behavior, they are like a Wolf in Sheep’s clothing. To understand who the Sheep are and who the Goats are, we must first understand their behavior.

The main difference between sheep and goats is quiet simple. A sheep is led by its shepherd. A goatherd is led by his goat. Goats have ego and pride and rise up quickly and will defend themselves. Goats are abusive and controlling. Whereas Sheep flee. Sheep are often viewed as passive aggressive even though in reality this is not the case.

Sheep are likely to be more intelligent than generally regarded. Sheep are a prey species, and their only defense is to flee. A goat, however, doesn’t follow anyone. Sheep display an intensely gregarious social instinct that allows them to bond closely to other sheep and preferentially to related flock members. This is the same in the body of Messiah, the Sheep will only bond to other Sheep. When they are in the company of Goats, they won’t mix well or bond to them. The Sheep will eventually leave.

Goats on the other hand do not flee when a need to defend themselves arise. They will attack and try to dominate. They also want to control and manipulate which is part of domination. Goats have a reputation for being independent, opinionated and curious at best—or vulgar, dangerous and destructive at worst. They are abusive creatures to put it bluntly.

Shepherds protect sheep from their environment, whereas goatherds protect the environment from their goats. So for us to be God’s sheep, we must depend on Him to defend us. If we push, take, destroy and bully, we are goats. We see that Messiah set the perfect example as a Lamb. He never defended himself or reacted against people as Goats do or judged them.

Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the crooked ones. For this is favour, if because of conscience toward Elohim anyone bears up under grief, suffering unrighteously. For what credit is there in enduring a beating when you sin? But if you suffer for doing good and you endure, this finds favour with Elohim. For to this you were called, because Messiah also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that you should follow His steps, who committed no sin, nor was deceit found in His mouth, who, being reviled, did not revile in return; suffering, did not threaten, but committed Himself to Him who judges righteously;
1 Peter 2:18-23

Goats do not have real love. They may have a form of righteousness, but beneath the facade their nature is revealed. In time you will know a goat through their actions. They are not kind and gentle, they are head strong, controlling, attacking and also deceptive. All the while appearing as a loving person. Watch what they do rather than what they say.

Sheep on the other hand remain silent even when knowing another person’s faults. They seek love instead and don’t want to divide as Goats do. Goats attack, judging falsely and lifting themselves up to a level of superiority. By this they separate friends and destroy people. This is not the love of the Ruach (Holy Spirit). It is the work of Ha Satan (The Adversary).

He who covers a transgression seeks love, But he who repeats a matter separates intimate friends.
Proverbs 17:9

The thing that is evident in the sheep of Elohim is a gentle and yielded spirit. They trust their Shepherd. They follow His voice. On the other hand, the goats have a spirit of defiance, they are self-willed, and independent.

Your adornment should not be outward – arranging the hair, wearing gold, or putting on dresses – but the hidden Man of the heart, with the incorruptible ornament of a meek and peaceable spirit, which is of great value before Elohim.
1 Peter 3:3,4

The goat represents strong mindedness, singleness of purpose, and leadership rather than following. This is one of the biggest reasons they don’t understand the ways of Elohim. They work on the outside of the cup to scrub it clean, all the while not cleansing the inside. Interestingly enough, Scripture does not view the goat in nearly as good a light as a sheep even though the goats think they are superior to others. Perhaps this is so because people who exercise these characteristics are frequently offensive to their brethren and tend to go off in their own direction in their drive to achieve their goals. Unfortunately, a great deal of ego often accompanies goats. Sheep are humble, while goats are proud. Consequently, goats are not very good followers and tend to force their ways.They have trouble listening to people who are gentle and humble.

It is the humble who will be first in Elohim’s Kingdom, not the goats. Remember, Elohim chose the meekest (most humble) man ever to lead his people, he did not choose a person who forced their way or was head strong. In this world it is the goats who are at the time, but once Messiah returns it will all change. Just because a person is a feeling type, or an empath does not mean they are humble. In many cases they are goats who think they are humble, they wear the mask well. But inside they are ravenous wolves.

Thus the last shall be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.
Matthew 20:16

Goats are not inherently evil, but some of their traits could be deadly spiritually if found in a person. A person who is unpredictable, who thinks they are above it all, who independently does their own thing, who wants to take over, has trouble functioning in a group, or does not want to be led, is exhibiting the characteristics of a goat, one that Messiah says will be cast into the Lake of Fire!